Out Of The Blue SHE Came!
For thousands of people in Japan one day would begin as any other, little knowing that by the time the sun had set that cool evening their lives would be changed forever.
On March the 11th 2011 out of the blue SHE came. First the 9.0-magnitude under sea earthquake hit making it the equal fifth largest earthquake ever recorded and the largest in Japan, since records began. This took just over two minutes and the length of time required for most of the 500–km fault to rupture. However, the shaking experienced at greater distances from the epicentre would have lasted longer as the vibrations or seismic waves spread out. devastating and destroying as it did so.
To give you some idea of just how powerful this quake was on a basic scale here are some facts known. The amount of energy released by a magnitude 9 earthquake is roughly equivalent to 32 gigatons of TNT. Now imagine being there. It must have been quite literally terrifying.
G.P.S data from the Geospatial Information Authority (G.S.I) of Japan shows that the north-east coast of Japan moved east by up to 4 metres. And the coast of north-east Japan moved eastward up to 4 meters, and consequently the coastline subsided by about 0.5 meters.
These tremors were the result of a violent uplift of the sea floor 80 miles off the coast of Sendai, where the Pacific tectonic plate slides beneath the plate Japan sits on. Tens of miles of crust ruptured along the trench where the tectonic plates meet. The earthquake occurred at the relatively shallow depth of 15 miles, meaning much of its energy was released at the seafloor.
The Pacific plate moves fast in tectonic terms, at a rate of 9cm (3.5 inches) a year. This leads to the rapid buildup of huge amounts of energy. As the Pacific plate moves down, it sticks to the overhead plate and pulls it down too. Eventually, the join breaks, causing the seafloor to spring upwards several metres.
The plate tectonics of the region are complex, and geologists are not sure which plate Japan sits on. Candidates include the Eurasian plate, the North American plate, the Okhotsk plate, and the Honshu microplate.
The warning for the general public was delivered about 8 seconds after the first P.Wave was detected, or about 31 seconds after the earthquake occurred. It is difficult to explain just how this may have looked to those in the midst of this event so I will let the below video do the talking.
On 13 March 2011, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) published details of tsunami observations recorded around the coastline of Japan following the earthquake. These observations included tsunami maximum readings of over 3 m (9.8 ft) at the following locations and times on 11 March 2011, following the earthquake at 14:46 J.S.
15:12 JST – off Kamaishi– 6.8 m (22 ft)
15:15 JST – Ofunato – 3.2 m (10 ft) or highest
15:20 JST – Ishinomaki- shi Ayukawa – 3.3 m (11 ft) or higher
15:21 JST – Miyako – 4.0 m (13.1 ft) or higher
15:21 JST – Kamaishi – 4.1 m (13 ft) or higher
15:44 JST – Erimo cho Shoya– 3.5 m (11 ft)
15:50 JST – Soma - 7.3 m (24 ft) or higher
16:52 JST – Oarai – 4.2 m (14 ft)
As you can clearly see from the image and video’s above, the sea quake combined with the Tsunami in itself created sheer devastation, and that does not even include everything that happened after those disasters struck. There were many aftershocks, thousands of people became unaccounted for. as an example, 10,000 people were reported missing from Minamisanriku alone, which was the area closest to the epicenter of the earthquake, and where the largest amount of damage occurred.
Then there was Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant concerns due to all of the damage it absorbed, for example it was reported that at least 4 out of the 5 reactors exploded causing radiation leaks. Then the subsequent fires and other consequent explosions happening due to the days catastrophic events. and so the list goes on.
For more information about with regards to how Japan has began to rebuild and recover from this terrible tragedy please see some of the links I have provided below. However Please be mindful who you donate to as there are many vultures out there prepared to try and make money out of those who have been effected by this disaster.
If you know of any one or any company who you feel may fall in to this category please contact the crime complaint center Known as IC3. The Center is a partnership of the FBI, National White Collar Crime Center and Bureau of Justice Assistance. Also, call the National center for disaster on 1-866-720-5721 to report any fraud. However if you are sure remember this motto ‘If in doubt ASK about’ If anyone you know has been stung while trying to help those in need they will remember who they were stung by.